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Mazovia Region: About Mazovia Region

About Mazovia Region

  • The biggest region in Poland:                      35 558 km2
  • Population:                                                   5 178 480 (13,6% of Polish population)
  • GDP per capita:                                            12 350 EUR
  • Unemployment rate:                                     9,6 %
  • Number of enterprises:                                 649 354
  • Number of enterprises with foreign capital:  23 502
  • Mazovia is one of the most dynamically developing regions in Poland and in Central-Eastern Europe. It is a crossroads of communication, trading and financial routes connecting the East and West of Europe. The most northern and southern parts of the continent are also connected via routes passing through Mazovia. Mazovia, in itself, is an attractive terrain for economic investment. Not only due to its geographical placement, but also due to Mazovia’s role in the national economy, Mazovia produces as much as 20 percent of the national income. Its present industrial potential together with its well developed telecommunication infrastructure as well as its agricultural potential and the most productive human resources in the country, create an unlimited perspective of fast returns on investment outlays.

    For over four centuries, Mazovia has been a gateway to Poland. It is the centre and the seat of the national capital. It lies at the crossroad of trade and communication routes connecting the east and the west of Europe. It is here, in Poland's most populous province, where hundreds of the biggest domestic and foreign companies have established their headquarters. It is here that all the major government offices are located. Mazovia is the leader of Polish transformation and the country's fastest growing region.

    The Mazowieckie Voivodship
      - An attractive region in Poland, Europe and in the World

    Mazovia is an unusual area on the map of Poland because of its location in the centre of the country, the capital city, the biggest area that takes eleven percent of the country’s territory, and the biggest local community that numbers over five million people.

    Demographic potential of Mazowieckie Voivodship

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre

    Population structure by sub-regions in 2004

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre

    The main towns of Mazovia are Warsaw, that is the capital city of Poland, Radom, Płock, Siedlce, Ciechanów and Ostrołęka.
    The main advantages of the region are: high research potential, the highest in the country index of foreign investments, existence of main offices of financial institutions, skilled employees, and people with the highest income in Poland who live in Warsaw. An average gross salary in the enterprise sector in the Mazowieckie Voivodship, in December 2006, amounted to 3,425 zloty (states for about 890 €). The unemployment rate in the Mazovian Voivodship is 11,9%. In the region, there are qualified and relatively cheap employees.

    Unemployment rate by sub-regions in 2006

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre

    The Voivodship is a good communication junction for the whole country. Here there is the most important airport in Poland – Okęcie, which takes over 80 percent of passengers who arrive in Poland.  A complex system of roads and railway routes connects Mazovia with the other regions.

    In the Mazowieckie Voivodship predominate agricultural, food, petrochemical, chemical (mainly pharmaceutical), publishing, printing industry, but also automotive, power industry, telecommunications, banking, finances, insurance and computer technologies sectors. 

    Mazovia is the province with the greatest economic potential in Poland, well placed to play a major role among European regions. For a few years now, Mazovia has played an increasingly important role in the economy of the enlarging European Union. Trade with EU countries now accounts for over 70 per cent of Poland's overall trade. Given the size and potential of the Polish market, this role will continue to grow.


    The Biggest Cities in Mazovia


    Warsaw, the capital of the region and the nation, with its communication channel to the whole world via The Chopin International Airport, is one of the fastest developing cities of the European Union. The leading European financial centre hosts the headquarters of many banks and has an extraordinarily dynamic stock exchange, where both central-eastern and western companies locate their shares.

    It is also an immense scientific and academic centre, a furnace of talents in many areas of knowledge – from humanistic sciences to economy and from management to information technology (about 370 thousand students). On top of this it is a huge centre and market of art. The capital offers the greatest number of theatres, expositions, concerts and schools in Poland. The city, being quickly modernized, attracts people with the possibility of an instant career and the development of their interests.

    Warsaw is an extraordinary city. Its history and climate impress the visitors, while its uniqueness interests them. In Warsaw, influences of Western and Eastern Europe culture cross. Its historic buildings, palaces, churches and architectural complexes destroyed during the War, have been reconstructed with great care (Historic Centre of Warsaw on the World Heritage List).

    In Warsaw you can see most clearly how the city is taking full advantage of the tremendous and unique opportunities arising from the emergence of free market and the development of democracy. Poland's capital is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe. The investment boom is visible everywhere you look. The city has become one big construction and renovation site. The offices and commercial buildings commissioned in the recent years accommodate hundreds of businesses, research institutions, banks and international organisations.

    During the past five years, the value of Warsaw's development projects has surpassed $ 5 billion. Most of them were made possible by the involvement of foreign capital. Foreign investors choose Warsaw for its central location in Europe, convenient international travel connections, well-developed telecommunication network, as well as economic and political stability.



    Ostrołęka is a the town located at a crossing of routes from the West to the East of Europe. The distance from here to Warsaw airport is only 120 km. The town's surroundings are in the centre of Kurp culture, still existing in a day-to-day life of forest villages. Numerous folklore events, but presented in the most spectacular way, attract visitors from almost all over the world.

    The city is economically attractive thanks to its natural assets:

    • location at the communication route connecting East and West of Europe
    • proximity of Warsaw and other important cities of the region
    • demographic advantages

    Local authorities sets a great importance to creation of friendly investment conditions through constant improvement of city’s infrastructure, promotion of investment locations, growth of education level and enhancement of tourist values of Kurp region.
    Foreign investments in Ostrołęka are concentrated on production industry. Local authorities have created an Economic Development Zone, which is fully equipped with technical infrastructure what guarantees good conditions for starting a business here.


    Płock is a city of 130 thousand inhabitants picturesquely located on a steep of Vistula riverbank. Płock is one of the oldest Polish cities with its numerous monuments speaking for its thousand years' history.

    At the same time, historical Płock is the city of modern industry. Polish Oil Concern "ORLEN" is one of the biggest Polish companies - a magnate on the market of liquid fuels and petrochemical products and one of the biggest companies in this part of Europe. American "king of jeans" LEVI STRAUSS built its factory in Płock. From 1992, the company has been successfully producing clothes there.

    The company CNH is the only in Poland manufacturer of combine harvesters. Apart from Levi Strauss and CNH, there are other companies with foreign capital in Płock i.e. Basell Orlen Polyolefins, Hoppenstedt Bonnier Information, Hero Polska, Bildau&Bussman, Adler Polska, A.Szulman.

    Płock’s advantages are as follows:

    • the biggest centre of petrochemical industry in the country
    • huge productive potential with consolidated position at the national market
    • huge human resources in productive and pre-productive age, labour force with high qualifications  
    •  location of the region in the zone of direct influence of the two biggest Polish urban centres: Warsaw and Lodz 
    • fast developing academic centre


    Radom covers the area of 112 sq. km, and has over 230 thousand inhabitants. The city is situated only 100 kilometers away from the capital city, at the crossroads of main communication routes. Five national roads meet and cross in Radom, two of them serve as international routes.

    The railway junction in Radom links two main lines: Warsaw - Cracow and Lublin - Łódź, which service long-distance passenger and cargo trains, linking the largest Polish cities. The military airport in Radom shall be turned soon into a civilian cargo port, reducing the traffic at Warsaw cargo port.

    The statistical data states that over 25,000 small and medium-sized enterprises function in Radom. The largest group - 14.5 thousand companies - operate in the sector of commerce and services. 2.5 thousand in the construction sector; 1.5 thousand in transport and communication; and over 1 thousand in financial and insurance services. All the small and medium-sized enterprises employ more than 50 thousand persons. The average salary amounts to about 2,000 zloty (about 500 euro).

    Radom has a lot of land ready to sell and available for business use - private, municipal and owned by the State Treasury.  The long-term development plans of Radom are tied to the Special Economic Zone. It covers an area of 60 hectares, and the investors starting business activity in the Zone may profit from various preferences and public aid. This aid may cover up to 60% of the investment outlays. The Zone guarantees very good location and infrastructure for railroad and vehicle transport.


    Siedlce is located in the Eastern part of the Mazovian Voivodship on the traditional international route from Lisbon to Moscow through Paris, Berlin and Warsaw. There is also an international railway that links East and West of Europe.

    Siedlce is located in the centre of an agricultural area, in Central-Eastern Poland, at the confluence of the Bug and Vistula rivers. The city covers an area of 32 sq. km and is inhabited by over 76 thousand people.

    The city development is fostered by its favourable location on a junction of transport routes: the E-30 road and the Berlin-Moscow railway being transformed into a fast tracks running to the East of Warsaw, with the same distances to the Terespol border crossing and the Special Economic Zone in Brest.

    Siedlce is a cultural, educational and scientific centre for the Eastern part of the Mazovian Voivodship. It is also an important industrial, commercial and service centre.
    The Siedlce development strategy creates opportunities for current and future investors. All sectors have potential for development but the food-processing industry looks most promising. Siedlce seeks domestic and foreign investors who will invest capital, "know-how" and new organisational systems.


    Transportation to and from the Mazovia country

    The capital city functions of Warsaw and the almost central location of the voivodship in Poland have had an influence on the shaping of the transport system in the region. Warsaw is the domestic transport centre in motor, railway and air traffic.

    Splendid investment possibilities are generated also by recently begun process of creating regional airports in Mazovia. Till 2013 four regional airports will be built in Sochaczew, Modlin, Minsk Mazowiecki and Radom.

    One of Poland’s most important international roads - the future A2 motorway – runs from Berlin via Poznań, Sochaczew, Warsaw, Siedlce, to the border in Terespol and further to Minsk. Also of significant importance are the roads No. 7: Gdańsk – Mława – Płońsk – Warsaw – Grójec – Radom – Kraków, and No. 8 from Warsaw via Rawa Mazowiecka and Tomaszów Mazowiecki to Wrocław. Both roads are to be modernized to become expressways.

    Creating a network of airports will raise the attractiveness of the region in economic and tourist terms. New and comfortable, but first of all cheap flights shall invite also modest customers. New airports will contribute to development of infrastructure and transport network. New roads, railway routes and, in future, metro shall be built. The areas nearby the airports will become more attractive for the investors which will result in the development of various branches of economy. Moreover, airports will be significant creators of new workplaces. Forecast conclusions estimate that each million of passengers will create 3 to 5 thousand of job places in aviation industry.

    Over 600 thousand companies function in the region, of which over 20 thousand have foreign capital. Every third foreign investor in Poland has chosen Mazovia as the location of his investment or headquarters.

    The economic possibilities, but also the natural virtues of Mazovia, guarantee that once you discover it, you can never be indifferent towards this country.



    In terms of absorptive capacity, potential and infrastructure, the province remains the country's most attractive region for foreign investors.
    The economy has been mostly privatized with the private sector producing over 75 per cent of GDP. Over the past decade, Poland has enjoyed a GDP growth of several percentage annually, and inflation now stands at less than 1 per cent.

    GDP by sub-regions in 2004

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre

    Mazovia in relation to Poland in general (2000-2004)

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre


    In the region, one can find almost all sectors of industry (besides mining, shipbuilding and coke making) with no one sector dominating. More than 600 thousands firms now operate in Mazovia. The main sectors include trade, telecommunications, financial services, insurance, IT, automotive and petrochemical industries. Outside Warsaw, Mazovia is a predominantly agricultural region. Regional agricultural production delivers background for the food-processing sector. The region has a considerable capacity for developing modern farming and related industries.

    National economy per sub–regions in 2004

    Source: Industrial Institute of Automatics and Measurements, Information Processing Centre


    The biggest centre is Warsaw, which along with neighbouring cities constitutes a particular industrial district. In the capital city agglomeration, the following industries have been developed: automotive, electro-technical, electronic, chemical (pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, plastics), food, power, metallurgical, metal, clothing and printing.

    Radom experienced a deep restructuring of industry when many state enterprises were liquidated or reduced in size. The former industrial giant of Radom ”Łucznik” (about 10,000 employees) was transformed into a factory for sewing machines and a factory for weapons; two of the traditional sectors of Radom have managed to survive on the market, i.e. a cigarette production plant and a telephone factory. The same thing can be said about the tableware factory in Wierzbica, the brewery  in Warka and the fruit processing plant in Przysucha. The power plant in Kozienice has a stable position on the market. In Radom sub-region, hitherto existing sectors have been replaced with new ones, i.e. automotive, electronic, logistics and transport.

    In the sub-region of Płock, the dominant sectors are the petrochemical and refining industries. One of the biggest companies in East-Central Europe – Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen SA (Polish Oil Concern Orlen SA) is located here. The Płock factory of agricultural machinery represents the machine-building industry; a brewery and a dairy in Sierpc, meat works in Umienino, and poultry works in Płock represent the food industry; and the Płock factory of Lévi-Strauss quality clothing – the clothing industry.

    Ostrołęka region is the domestic potentate in the production of cellulose, paper and cardboard, as well as cheese, powdered milk and meat products. Food production plants are located in such towns as Łyse, Ostrów Mazowiecka and Baranowo. The poviat is also a significant producer of furniture, clothing and electric energy, as well as buildin and finishing materials.

    Agriculture has had an influence on the shaping of the agricultural-food industry in the sub-region of Siedlce; there are meat plants in Sokołów and Siedlce, a dairy in Węgrów and a fodder production plant in Siedlce. Two meat companies in the Siedlce sub-region are quoted on the Warsaw exchange.

    Industrial food production is dominant in the sub-region of Ciechanów. The local food industry processes raw materials provided by local agriculture, i.e. sugar beet in Glinojeck, cereals in Ciechanów, milk in Winnica, poultry in Mława and Ciechanów. In Baboszewo, Pułtusk, Ciechanów and Mława one can find electromachine-building and metal industry companies. Enterprises established due to foreign investments, i.e. printing houses in Płońsk and Ciechanów, a household electronics plant in Mława, and a building materials plant in Płońsk, have modern work organisation and technology.


    An investor's guide
      - Why invest in Mazovia?

    Poland is the primary beneficiary of direct foreign investment in East-Central Europe and Mazovia is in the leading group of regions that have attracted the largest capital.
    Foreign citizens from EU and EFTA states can run their businesses in Poland on the same terms as Polish entrepreneurs do. The same refers to the citizens of states that do not belong to the European Economic Area, who have settled in Poland and have a refugee status or make use of temporary protection in Poland.

    According to data from the Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency (PAIIZ), the most important factors that decide in the choice of Poland as a place of investment are low labour costs (one of the lowest in Europe), the volume and absorptive power of the market (38 million people, the largest country in East-Central Europe), good business-related environment, growing integration with the world economy and the success of the Polish privatisation process.

    Investments in Mazovia have been, for many enterprises, the easiest way to start their business both in Poland and in East-Central Europe. This voivodship has been chosen as a base by nearly 30% of the largest foreign investors.           

    The research shows that Mazovia is and will be the leader if it comes to being attractive for investments. It offers far better investment conditions than any other regions of the country.

    Over one thousand  companies invested in Mazovia over a million dollars. Investors are encouraged to allocate their money here as the scale of market in the region and in the country is enormous, and because Mazovia is located in a very good for production and services place. Among the enterprises that have invested over US$ 1 million are: France Telecom, Citigroup, Gazprom, Vivendi, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, UniCredito Italiano and Nestle. The following companies develop their enterprises in Mazovia: Bauer, Elanders, LG, Braas, Intercell, Xella Polska, Hochland, Onken, Levis, Cargill, and New Holland (CNH Polska). The biggest amounts of money have been invested in telecommunications services and the financial sector.

    Thanks to its central location, a big and absorptive market (the region has a population of over 5 million) and highly qualified population, Mazovia is the region attracting the highest number of foreign investors, leaving the other regions far behind in terms of investment attractiveness.

    5 reasons why investors choose Mazovia 

    •  Easy access to the Polish market, the largest in Central Europe (almost 40 million people), and to the regional market (over 5 million people)
    • The role of Warsaw as Poland's decision-making centre and the fact that Mazovia is Poland's best developed region
    • Convenient connections with the rest of the country and Europe
    • Good infrastructure and business environment: from office space standards, through telecommunications, transport and business services
    • Low labour costs and well-educated human capital
    • In Mazovia country there are very attractive and promising industrial, construction, trading and agricultural centres. Warsaw, Siedlce, Ostrołęka, Ciechanów, Płock and Radom all offer investors rich benefit packages regarding individual solutions as well as special economic zones and industrial-technical parks (Płock and Warsaw).  Investors can get a guarantee of financial incentives including long-term privileges and tax relief.


    Real Estate Market in Mazovia

    Poland’s property market is one of the most dynamic in the Central and Eastern European (CEE). The region experience present an unprecedented rise in demand for residential and commercial properties from international investors. Developers and investors are focused on the commercial side of the property market in Mazovia. A significant boom in the retail sector in Mazovia has created a new range of opportunities for international property investors.

    Warsaw has the most dynamic, competitive and modern retail market in Poland. All major international and domestic companies are present on the market. Poland has the most developed warehouse market within CEE. Most of the market  is currently concentrated in Mazovia region.
    Private and office branches of real estate market are developing much more rapidly than elsewhere in the country. The market is still open, absorptive and very attractive to foreign investors. Still rising prices on Mazovia real estate market are showing that central region wish to match European standards.

    More information:
    Agency for Development of Mazovia PLC
    Investor Assistance Centre
    8 Ksawerów Str., 02-656 Warsaw
    Phone +48 22 5664765, fax. +48 22 8438331
    [email protected], www.armsa.pl 

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